INCIDENCE OF VIRAL HEPATITIS AMONG WOMEN ADMITTED TO LABOUR WARD AT MISRATA CENTRAL HOSPITAL
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It is imperative for pregnant women to know their hepatitis status to prevent transmission to their newborn during deliv-ery. Serological screening for viral hepatitis should be offered to pregnant women, as babies born to a mother with hepati-tis B have 90% chance of developing chronic hepatitis B if they are not properly treated at birth. So postnatal intervention can be offered to women infected with Hepatitis B to decrease such risk of transmission. To evaluate the incidence of viral hepatitis among women in their third trimester admitted to labour ward, and to determine the magnitude the problem in our locality. A retrospective study was conducted targeting all women delivered in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynae-cology at Misurata Central Hospital; patient’s data was obtained from medical records of these women during the year 2016. All of them were screened for viral infections (Hepatitis B & C as well as HIV) during their antenatal care in the third trimester. During delivery proper preventive techniques are implemented, including effective ‘decontaminate the hands’, and use rigorous infection control procedures. For needle stick injuries or splash of body fluid with hepatitis B are recorded and immune prophylaxis is given. Appropriate hygienic precautions should be taken for newborn. In addition to routine vaccination; newborn to HBsAg-positive mothers should receive passive immunization with HBIG at birth. A total of 7142 deliveries including 156 multiple births were recorded. Of them 52 had viral hepatitis B giving an incidence of 0.7%. Hepatitis B represented 91.2% of the cases while hepatitis C accounted for 9.8% of the cases. They were aged be-tween 18 and 42 years. 90% of them were Libyan and 48% were resident outside Misurata. 79% were multiparous. Of the total cases 32.7% were delivered by Cesarean section. The current study revealed a low incidence of Hepatitis B and C in our locality.